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North Carolina Deed History

North Carolina, originally known as the Province of North Carolina, is one of the original 13 colonies. The northern and southern parts of the original province separated in 1729, thus creating the Provinces of North and South Carolina. North Carolina became a state in July of 1776. From 1663 to 1729, the Province of Carolina was a North American British Colony.

There are 100 counties in the state of North Carolina. The first county, Albemarle, was created in 1668, but is no longer in existence. Before the county was abolished in 1689, four counties were formed from it: Chowan, Currituck, Pasquotank, and Perquimans County. Two counties that were formed in 1712, Beaufort and Hyde counties, are considered to be original counties. Beaufort was formed from Bath County, which no longer exists. In 1705, the state was made of two counties: Bath and Albemarle. When Beaufort County was still named Bath County, the first deed was recorded in 1696. The earliest types of land records in North Carolina were headrights, a system of land granting used in all 13 colonies. Headrights were granted in North Carolina until 1712.

The Carolinas were granted to eight different grantees, the Lords Proprietor, in 1660. Lords Proprietor is a title that is akin to a head landlord or overseer of a territory. The proprietors split Carolina into three sections: Albemarle in the north and Clarendon and Craven in the south. When the settlers arrived in 1670, they set up the first permanent settlement in Albemarle.