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Oklahoma Deed History

Oklahoma was admitted to the Union, along with Indian Territory (which mostly consisted of the Oklahoma Panhandle), in 1907. Most of the area comprising Oklahoma was under French rule until 1803, when all the French territory west of the Mississippi River was acquired by the U. S. after the Louisiana Purchase. The Oklahoma Panhandle was not acquired until after the U. S. land acquisitions following the Mexican-American War. The Territory of Oklahoma was in existence from May 1890 until November 1907.

There are 77 counties in Oklahoma. There were seven counties when Oklahoma was organized as a territory, but the first seven were eventually renamed, as their original names were number designations. For instance, Oklahoma County was originally named County Two. The state of Oklahoma was opened for settlement in 1889, in what was the first of many land runs. However, some settlers in Oklahoma, called the Sooners, had already staked their claim on the land before it was opened for settlement. Oklahoma City was founded during the land run of 1889, along with five other cities. Within an hour of its founding, the population grew to over 10,000 in Oklahoma City.


Until the creation of the Territory of Oklahoma by the U. S. government, the land had primarily been used by Native Americans. Upon formation, the Oklahoma Territory consisted of lands that were primarily set aside for the relocation of Plains Indians. Before Oklahoma was opened for non-native settlement, land records for the tribal nations were filed with a Bureau of Indian Affairs Agency. When the area was opened for settlement, provisions were not immediately made for local or county government. In 1890, the county clerk in Oklahoma County was John Martin.