How to File a Mechanic’s Lien

Image of woodworking tools laying on a board with a blurry background. Captioned: How to File a Mechanic's Lien

When businesses don’t get paid for working at someone’s home, their super power is the mechanic’s lien. Recorded in the county where the work is done, it attaches to the title of the home. The last thing a homeowner wants is a cloud on the title. Liens make a home hard to sell, to borrow money against, or to refinance until the lien is resolved. So, warning the client of an intent to record a lien usually has the desired effect: the client pays the bill.

Strong stuff! It’s said that Thomas Jefferson introduced the mechanic’s lien into U.S. legal practice, to encourage construction workers to build in the early days of the country. In those days, construction workers were called mechanics. Today, the instrument is interchangeably referred to as a mechanic’s lien or a construction lien.

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Lien In: A Primer on Mechanic’s Liens

Image of a blurry stack of coins on a table next to a wood block shaped like a house. Captioned: Mechanic's Liens

In every state, contractors who do work on a home can place a mechanic’s lien (construction lien) on the title if they do not get paid. A mechanic’s lien is a claim filed for work done, materials supplied, or both. By operation of state law, this claim becomes a lien against the property’s title.

This is the contractor’s leverage to get paid. Depending on state law and the contract provisions between the general contractor and the client, subcontractors can also file liens. To protect these companies’ leverage, some states do not allow contractors to give up this right in exchange for payments, but there are plenty of exceptions in the state laws, so it’s a common practice for clients to avoid potential liens through lien waivers

But sometimes, mechanic’s liens do take hold. Because these liens attach to the property, not to the individual who ordered the work, an unpaid lien will haunt the next person in line to own the home. If you’d prefer not to live in a haunted house, here’s what you need to know.

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California Mechanic’s Lien Process

Most real estate owners will, at some point, use a contractor to build or improve upon their property. This is generally a straightforward process wherein the contractor arranges the project according to the terms of the contract, and sees it to completion. The satisfied owner then pays the bill. What happens when the contractor finishes the project, but the customer refuses to pay? That’s where the mechanic’s liens apply.

The California Mechanic's Lien Process
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What is a Mechanic’s Lien?

The complete guide to the mechanic’s lien process.

In general, a lien is a type of property right which grants a creditor an interest over specific property of the debtor named in the lien. The lien is used as security for the debt or for performance of some act. A mechanic’s lien is a security interest in the title to property for the benefit and protection of those who have supplied labor or materials that improve the property. Despite its name, mechanics are not the only individuals entitled to such a lien. Mechanic’s liens are used to ensure payment of debts related to real property (such as land or real estate) and personal property (such as an automobile or equipment).

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Arkansas Mechanic’s Lien Process

Mechanic’s liens, sometimes referred to as materialmen’s liens, are legal instruments that encumber title to real property to secure payment from the property owner for the balance owed on an enforceable contract for constructions on or improvements to the property. Arkansas law stipulates that mechanic’s liens have priority over all other encumbrances (except a prior encumbrance given for construction or repair of the improvement) that attach to the real estate (Ark. Code Sec. 18-44-110).

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Construction (mechanic’s) liens in Alaska

A lien is a document filed by a claimant in the recorder’s office against a property for recovery of a debt from the property owner for labor or furnishing of materials for the improvement of real property. By filing a lien, as a matter of public record, the claimant (typically a contractor) puts the owner (and anyone who might have a future interest in the property) on notice that he has a claim against the property.

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Mechanic’s Liens in Ohio

Mechanic’s liens protect the interests of contractors, subcontractors, material suppliers, and laborers on construction jobs when work goes unpaid. In Ohio, a mechanic’s lien is a right provided under the state Constitution. Liens are available against both private and public jobs in Ohio. Find the mechanic’s lien law in Chapter 1311 of the Ohio Revised Code. Because another goal of the mechanic’s lien statutes is to protect owners from double payment (to those he or she contracted with as well as to lower-tiered unpaid contractors or material suppliers), the law demands strict compliance to secure and enforce a lien.

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The Mechanic’s Lien Process in Texas

A mechanic’s lien is an encumbrance on a property owner’s real estate title, used to guarantee payment to builders, contractors, and construction businesses which build or repair structures, by using the property where the work was completed as a form of collateral. Eligible parties include the general contractor, subcontractors, laborers, and material or equipment suppliers, as well as by architects, engineers, and surveyors. Material or equipment suppliers must have the materials actually delivered to or used in the project to claim a lien, but if the materials were specially manufactured, the supplier can get a lien even if the materials are not ultimately delivered or incorporated into the project. The lien ensures that the workmen are paid before anyone else if the property subject to the lien is eventually foreclosed upon.

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