A grant deed generally includes a covenant of seisin, where the grantor warrants that at the time of execution of the deed, he is in lawful possession of the land granted by the deed ( 2-107). Additionally, a covenant that the grantor has done no act to encumber can also be included in the grant deed. This will have the same effect as if the grantor had covenanted that he had not done, executed, or knowingly suffered any act or deed whereby the land granted, or any part of it, will be charged, affected, encumbered in title, estate, or otherwise ( 2-110).
Upon completing the grant deed, the deed must be signed by the grantor, whose signature must be acknowledged. Witnesses are not required for conveyances of real estate in Maryland. A deed that has been executed and acknowledged in accordance with the laws of another state will be accepted for recordation if the acknowledgment is in compliance with Maryland law. As a prerequisite to recording, grant deeds must be endorsed with the certificate of the collector of taxes of the county where the property is assessed. The grant deed must also be accompanied by a completed intake sheet before it is submitted for recordation ( 3-104).
Grant deeds in this state, when recorded, take effect from their effective date as against the grantor, his personal representatives, every purchaser with notice of the deed, and every creditor of the grantor with or without notice. ( 3-201). Every recorded deed or other instrument takes effect from its effective date as against the grantee of any deed executed and delivered subsequent to the effective date, unless the grantee of the subsequent deed has (a) accepted delivery of the deed or other instrument in good faith, without constructive notice, for a valuable consideration; and (b) has recorded the deed first ( 3-203). The effective date is the date of delivery, and the date of delivery is presumably the date of the last acknowledgement, if any, or the date stated on the deed, whichever is later ( 3-201).No estate of inheritance or freehold, declaration or limitation of use, estate above seven years, or deed can pass or take effect unless the deed granting is executed and recorded. A grant deed should be recorded in the county where the property is located. If the land is in more than one county, the deed should be recorded in all such counties ( 3-103). The circuit court in the county where the property is located is responsible for recordings deeds.
Deeds.com Maryland Grant Deed Forms Have Been Updated as Recently as Friday December 8, 2017