Michigan Partial Unconditional Waiver of Lien
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Partial Unconditional Waiver of Lien for Real Estate Located in Michigan
During the construction process, a property owner (or his or her lessee) may ask the contractor for a lien waiver in exchange for a full or partial payment.
Michigan defines four permissible types of lien waivers. These include: (1) Partial Unconditional Waiver, (2) Partial Conditional Waiver, (3), Full Unconditional Waiver, and (4) Full Conditional Waiver. M.C.L. 570.1115(9).
Use a partial unconditional waiver of lien when the claimant receives an agreed-upon payment for his or her contract from the owner, lessee, or designee. M.C.L. 570.1115(3). This partial payment may be a scheduled disbursement, be tied to a progress point in the improvement process, or another circumstance as set out in the original contract.
A waiver under this section takes effect when a person makes payment relying on the waiver, unless at the time the payment was made, the person making the payment had written notice that the payment or consideration for the waiver has failed (i.e., the check bounced at the bank). M.C.L. 570.1115(6).
Lien waiver forms must be in writing and must comply with Michigan law to be valid. Include the names of the contractor and the property owner, and identify the property and dates covered by the recorded lien.
Lien waivers can be confusing, and issuing the wrong type of waiver (or issuing one too early) can lead to dire consequences for construction liens. Contact an attorney with questions about waivers or any other issues related to liens in Michigan.