Gifts of Real Property in Georgia
Gift deeds convey title to real property from one party to another with no exchange of consideration, monetary or otherwise. Often used to transfer property between family members or to gift property as a charitable act or donation, these conveyances occur during the grantor's lifetime. Gift deeds must contain language that explicitly states that no consideration is expected or required. Ambiguous language, or references to any type of consideration, can make the gift deed contestable in court.
A lawful gift deed includes the grantor's full name and marital status, as well as the grantee's full name, marital status, vesting information, and mailing address. Vesting describes how the grantee holds title to the property. Generally, real property is owned in either sole ownership or co-ownership. For Georgia residential property, the primary methods for holding title are tenancy in common and joint tenancy. An estate conveyed to two or more people is presumed a tenancy in common, unless otherwise specified (OCGA 44-6-120, 44-6-190).
As with any conveyance of realty, a gift deed requires a complete legal description of the parcel. Recite the source of title to maintain a clear chain of title, and detail any restrictions associated with the property. In Georgia, deeds must be signed by the grantor in front of a notary and one witness ( 44-2-21(b)). All signatures must be original.
In Georgia, all documents conveying an interest in real property require a Real Estate Transfer Tax Form (PT-61). This form is available online at gsccca.org, and it must be submitted electronically . Record the completed gift deed, along with additional materials, with the clerk of court's office where the subject property is located. Contact the same office to confirm recording fees and accepted forms of payment.
With gifts of real property, the recipient of the gift (grantee or donee) is not required to declare the amount of the gift as income, but if the property accrues income after the transaction, the grantee is responsible for paying the requisite state and federal income tax .
In Georgia, there is no state gift tax. Gifts of real property in Georgia are, however, subject to the federal gift tax. The person or entity making the gift (grantor or donor) is responsible for paying the federal gift tax; however, if the donor does not pay the gift tax, the donee (grantee) will be held liable . For questions regarding state tax laws, consult a tax specialist.
In accordance with federal law, individuals are permitted an annual exclusion of $15,000 on gifts. This means that gifts valued below $15,000 do not require a federal gift tax return (Form 709). Even so, donors should consider filing one for many gifts of real property .
This article is provided for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for the advice of an attorney. Contact a Georgia lawyer with any questions about gift deeds or other issues related to the transfer of real property.
Deeds.com Georgia Gift Deed Forms Have Been Updated as Recently as Wednesday July 8, 2020
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