Quitclaim deeds are statutory forms for conveying real property in the Commonwealth of Virginia. When a deed includes specific words of release, the grantor relinquishes all right, title and interest and any future claim, challenge, or demand on the land (Va. Code 55-75).
Quitclaim deeds carry no warranty of title, and merely transfer whatever interest, if any, the grantor has in the property at the time of conveyance. For this reason, they provide the least amount of surety to the buyer/grantee and are typically reserved for situations where the two parties are familiar, such as adding or removing a name from the title, or in cases of divorce.
To transfer title, a deed requires each grantor's and grantee's name, marital status, and address, and the grantee's manner of vesting title. In addition, the deed recites the consideration the grantee is paying for the transfer of title. A state recordation tax applies unless a valid exemption is noted on the face of the deed. To properly identify the parcel changing ownership, a deed includes the full legal description of the property and notes the derivation of the grantor's title and any restrictions on the property.
Each grantor must sign the document in the presence of an official authorized to take acknowledgments. A deed is not a notice to third parties until it has been recorded in the Clerk of Court's office of the independent city or county in which the property is situated (55-96).
Deeds affecting title to real estate in the Commonwealth of Virginia should comply with the standards for recorded instruments established by the Library of Virginia, with the exception that certain independent cities and counties require a larger bottom, last-page margin. Some recording offices require a Virginia Land Records cover sheet. Counties that do not require a cover sheet must comply with first-page document requirements established at Va. Code 17.1-223.
Consult a lawyer with questions regarding quitclaim deeds or for any other issues related to transferring real estate titles in Virginia.
Deeds.com Virginia Quit Claim Deed Forms Have Been Updated as Recently as Tuesday July 10, 2018