Frequent easements in New Jersey include public utility easements, driveway easements, and easements for encroachments. An easement is the right to use another person's property for a specific purpose, and can be either affirmative or negative. Easements in this state are typically created by an express grant, which is often a formal agreement between the parties involved, which is then set forth in a recorded easement deed. The easement deed should specify the terms and duration of the easement. An easement obtained for the purpose of exposure of a solar energy device can be created in writing and will be subject to the same conveyancing and recording requirements as other easements (46:3-25).
In order to be eligible for recording, an easement deed should be signed by the grantor and acknowledged before an officer specified in 46:14-6.1 of the New Jersey Statutes. Deeds may be acknowledged in New Jersey or in another state. The officer taking the acknowledgment should sign a certificate stating such acknowledgment or proof, which will be recorded with the easement deed (46:14-2.1).
The act of recording an easement deed provides constructive notice of the contents. Any recorded deed affecting the title to real property, including easement deeds, are from the time of recording, notice to all subsequent purchasers, mortgagees, and judgment creditors of the execution of the recorded document and its contents (46:26A-12). An easement deed or other conveyance of an interest in real property in New Jersey will not be effective against subsequent judgment creditors without notice, or against subsequent bona fide purchasers and mortgagees for valuable consideration without notice and whose conveyance or mortgage is recorded, unless that conveyance is evidenced by a document that is recorded first (46:26A-12). Easement deeds must be recorded in the county where the property is located.
Deeds.com New Jersey Easement Deed Forms Have Been Updated as Recently as Friday November 17, 2017